讲座题目：The Uses of Social Research in Policy, Urban Planning, and Design
讲座嘉宾：Robert W. Marans，Noah J. Webster，Ying Xu
Throughout most parts of the world, it is well recognized that social and economic research can inform or guide policy-making by city, state and national governments. At the same time, there is a growing recognition among those in the environmental design professions that such research can also be beneficial in guiding urban planning, urban design, and architectural decisions. This recognition is reflected in the term “evidence-based design and planning” which is being espoused by leaders in the field. The presentation will first discuss ways in which social research can be used to produce and evaluate “evidence based” plans and designs of urban places and environmentally-related programs. It will then give several examples or case studies of projects or programs where social research has played a critical role in guiding the decisions of designers, planners, policy makers, and operational personnel. Each case study will be presented as a story and discuss the type of social research used and ley lessons learned from the research.
Robert W. Maransis a research professor emeritus at the Institute for Social Research and professor emeritus of architecture and urban planning in the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning at the University of Michigan. His research has focused on attributes of the physical and sociocultural environments and their influence on individual and group behavior, well-being, and the quality of life. His current work deals with cultural issues of sustainability and energy conservation. Marans is a registered architect and is active in recreation policy and planning in southeastern Michigan. He is the recipient of the 2012 Career Award of the Environmental Design Research Association (EDRA) and was elected to the College of Fellows of the American Institute of Certified Planners (FAICP) in 2014.He serves on the editorial boards of several professional journals and has lectured extensively throughout the US, and in Europe, Asia, South Africa, South America, Australia, and the Middle East.
Noah J. Webster, Ph.D. is an Assistant Research Scientist in the Life Course Development Program at the University of Michigan’s Institute for Social Research. He has a Ph.D. in Sociology from Case Western Reserve University with specializations in Medical Sociology, the Sociology of Aging, and Research Methods. Dr. Webster’s research focuses on two primary areas: 1) links between social relationships, health, and health-related behaviors; and 2) the role of built, natural, and social environments in shaping health disparities across the life course.He is principal investigator of multiple sponsored research projects. Dr. Webster has served in multiple leadership roles in both national and international societies. This includes most recently serving as Chair of the Gerontological Society of America’s Publications Committee (2016-2017), as well as serving as a Steering Committee member for the Society for the Study of Human Development (2014-present). He was recipient of the Society for the Study of Human Development’s Early Career Award in 2015.
Ying Xuis a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan. She has a Ph. D. in Architecture from the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning at the University of Michigan. Her research interests during the Ph.D study focused on 1) understanding of the role of spatial relations in shaping social behaviors in urban settings; and 2) master-planned communities in China, residential satisfaction, and implications on identity and social behaviors. Her recent research focus on the quality of life in Chinese migration communities and exploring the links between environmental changes and migrants’ health and well-being.