座谈题目：Think Tank Capacity Building: Practices and Experiences
座谈嘉宾：Salvatore Babones、Bing Xu & Eric Fong
Salvatore Babones is an associate professor of sociology at the University of Sydney. He also writes extensively on China issues for Foreign Affairs and other major US policy outlets. His latest book, American Tianxia: Chinese Money, American Power, and the End of History, uses classical Confucian governance concepts to interpret the structure of the twenty-first century world-system.
Bing Xu received a BA and a PhD in Economics from University of Georgia. She is currently an associate professor at Southwestern University of Finance and Economics. Her research use both empirical and theoretical methods to analyze policy effects. Her work have appeared in Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Economic Letters, and International Journal of Game Theory, among others.
1、Introduction of Think Tank
(1) The experience about working with think tanks in the US and Europe will be introduced by Salvatore Babones.
(2) The Think Tank at Southwestern University of Finance and Economics will be introduced by Bing Xu.
(3) The Think Tank at The Chinese University of Hong Kong will be introduced by Eric Fong.
(4) The Think Tank of The Institute for Population and Development Studies at Xi’an Jiaotong University will be introduced by Shuzhuo Li.
(5) The Think Tank of Jinhe Center for Economic Research at Xi’an Jiaotong University will be introduced by Weihong Zeng.
2、Dialogue and Discourse.
3、Ways Forward: Further Collaborations.
讲座题目：Competitive Environment, Child-raising Cost and Fertility in China
Children in many ultra-low fertility countries, particularly those in East Asia, grow up in a highly competitive world where they fiercely compete with one another for their chance at a “successful life,” be it an entry into the best universities or getting hired at top companies. In such environment, parents have an incentive to provide more resource to their children than their peers so that their children have an “edge” in the competition. However, this gives other parents incentive to raise their own spending, which in turn may induce the first parents to further increase their spending. This raises the question whether such strategic complementarity will force parents to ratchet up their spending to the point where they exhaust their resources on child-raising. The question is important since relaxing parents’ budget constraint under such scenario, for example, through increasing income or subsidizing education, will only lead to parents exhausting their (now higher) budget on their existing children and not to higher fertility.
讲座题目：Population Trends and International Relations: The Demography of Power
International relations scholars routinely ignore demographics, perhaps because the days when countries promoted large families to increase national power are long in the past. But viewed over a time scale of decades, demography still does matter for national power. For example, China's economic rise to middle income status only makes China a peer competitor to the United States because of China's large population. Projections of future Chinese power are based on three problematic demographic assumptions: first, that China's official fertility rate of 1.7 children per woman is in fact the true figure; second, that China's fertility rate will soon rise to replacement levels (and stay there); and third, that China's sex ratio at birth will rapidly fall back to normal levels. Of these three assumptions, the first is almost certainly wrong, the second is dubious, and the third is difficult to predict. But together these factors will determine not only the future size of the Chinese economy, but the demands imposed by population ageing on China's future government budgets. Policymakers who want to understand China's future standing in the world relative to the United States -- or Russia's relative to its neighbors, or Africa's relative to Europe -- might learn more from talking to demographers than from talking to international relations scholars.